India’s largest wildlife sanctuary is a dream destination for any tourist visiting India. The 120 years old 'Surki' dam built across Peryiar, Poorna in Vedic parlance, is a major tourist attraction. This sanctuary is spread over an area of 777 Sq.Kms, surrounded by an artificial lake over an area of 25 Sq.Kms.
The Country's sole Tiger reserve, Thekkady, with its bountiful treasures of tropical flora and fauna is the ultimate reservoir of many an endangered species and a rich tribal culture. Thekkady is a pleasant heaven on earth for those who love nature in its wild manifestations.
THEKKADY ATTRACTIONS PERIYAR WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
Set high in the ranges of the Western Ghats of Kerala is the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. Periyar tiger Reserve, Thekkady, is an example of nature’s bounty, with great scenic charm, rich bio diversity and providing veritable visitor satisfaction. Sprawled over an area of 777 Sq .km. Periyar is one of the 27 tiger reserves in India. Moreover, its elephant assets are also envied by all. The most prolific feature of Periyar wildlife sanctuary is the Periyar Lake spreading across an area of 26 square kilometers. British engineer, Colonel J Pennycuick conceived a design to dam the Periyar River which runs through the forests of the Western Ghats in Kerala. The dam was created in 1895 to divert the water to TamilNadu for irrigation. The Lake is an important source of water for the many wild animals. The forests around the lake were declared as reserved forests in 1899. It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978 under the famous scheme Project Tiger. In 1982 the core area of their serve has been notified as National Park. The Periyar wildlife sanctuary can be divided into four categories. The open grasslands studded with fire-resistant vegetation and a variety of grasses including elephant grass, which are the common dining hall of herbivores - from barking deer to the elephant; which the most deciduous forest type dominated by trees like teak and Terminalia which shed their leaves seasonally; the semi evergreen forest close to the tropical forests and wet, stream areas and the sholas or tropical evergreen jungle often tigers and king Cobras that are found in the Valleys. This area of dense forest allows only a limited stream of sunlight through and in the moist, dark corridors. The most exciting part of a visit to the Periyar wildlife sanctuary is a boat cruise on the lake. It is really a lifetime experience to see the elephants taking bath from the lake.